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In this section of
Gaspee History Page Up

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Go the section on
Gaspee Raiders
for biographical information on the Americans in the boats attacking the Royal Navy ship Gaspee.

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Books: American Colonial and Revolutionary War history or the people involved. We have suggestions for you.

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This is a history education and research web site of the
Joseph Bucklin Society.

References in brackets [  ] or in curly brackets {  } on any page in this website are to books, or other materials, listed in the Joseph Bucklin Society Gaspee Bibliography, or to materials held by the Joseph Bucklin Society.

A large English Navy force assembled off the Boston coast before the Lexington and Concord land battles. The English ships had the firepower of more than 500 cannons.

On April 19, 1775, about 700 British Army regulars, were attempting to capture military supplies stored by the Massachusetts militia at Concord. At Lexington, the American militia were outnumbered and fell back, and the English proceeded to Concord. At the North Bridge in Concord, several hundred militiamen fought and defeated the King's troops.

Before the battles of Lexington and Concord, the English were dispatching more generals to Boston to prepare a command structure for regiments of troops to be sent to the colonies to quell the rebellion. Likewise, before the battles of Lexington and Concord, the English Navy had assembled off the coast of New England a fleet with more vessels and firepower than had ever been seen before in the colonies.  (Within that fleet, Admiral Montage's flagship at the time of the 1772 Gaspee affair, the  Rose, was passed to the command of Capt. Wallace, as the Rose was then only a median size ship in the English fleet assembled  to defeat the oncoming insurgency.)

As to early army buildup of command structure for additional regiments of English troops, see for example, the Country News, (York, England) March 28, 1775, reporting:

Gosport, March 8. Arrived in the Harbour a large Transport, to take on board three Generals, Baggage, &c. for Boston.

As to the naval buildup, see for example, the St. James's Chronicle, London, from Thursday, March 30,  April 1, 1775, reporting:

By a Letter just received from Philadelphia, we have received the following correct

 List of the Squadron in North America, under the Command of Admiral Graves.

   
Ships.   Commanders   Guns. Men  
Preston, { Vice Admiral Graves, } 50 300  
  { Capt. J. Robinson }      
Somerset,   Edward Ie Crass,   68 520  
Asia,   George Vandeput,   64 520  
Boyne,   Brod. Hartwell,   64 520  
Tartar,   Edward Meadows,   28 160  
Mercury,   John M' Cartney,   24 130  
Glasgow,   William Maltby,   24 130  
Fowey,   George Montagu,   24 130  
Lively,   Thomas Bishop,   20 130  
Scarborough,   A. Barclay,   20 130  
Rose,   Thomas Wallace,   20 130  
Tamar,   Edward Thornborough,   16 100  
Swan,   James Ascough,   14 100  
King Fisher,   James, Montagu,   14 100  
Cruizer,   Tyringham Howe,   8 60  
Savage,   Hugh Bromage,   8 60  
Gaspee,   William Hunter,   6 30  
Sch. Diana,   Thomas Graves,   4 30  
Magdalen,   Lieut. Collins,   4 30  
St. John,   William Grant,   4 30  
Halifax,   Joseph Nun,   4 30  
Hope,   George Dawson,   4 30  
Diligence,   Jonathan Knight,   4 30  
Canceaux, armed Ship,   Lieut. S. Mowatt   6 45  
          502 3475

You can find these and other references in English newspapers, to the American Revolution, by using a website that has some English and Irish Newspapers  1713-1833.  The newspapers include papers published in London (London Gazette, 1713 and 1728; St. James' Chronicle, 1775; Whitehall, 1747), Suffolk (Ipswich Journal, 1811), Wiltshire (Devizes and Wiltshire Gazette, 1833, Salisbury and Winchester Journal, 1782, 1819, 1827), Somerset (Bath Journal, 1773), Gloucester- shire (Bristol Journal, 1775), Ireland (Public Gazetteer, 1758, and Freeman's Journal, 1826)

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